New legal measures to protect workers from misuse of non-disclosure agreements
The rules around non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) and confidentiality clauses are set to be tightened under new legal proposals announced by Business Minister Kelly Tolhurst on 4 March. This includes enshrining in law for the first time that individuals cannot be prevented from reporting crimes, harassment or discrimination to the police.
Many businesses legitimately use NDAs and confidentiality clauses in agreements to prevent disclosure of confidential information. However, in recent months there has been increasing evidence to suggest that NDAs and confidentiality clauses are being abused by a very small minority of employers to intimidate whistleblowers, conceal harassment and discrimination incidents – including sexual assault, physical threats and racism.
The new proposals will help put an end to the unethical use of these agreements and encourage good practice from employers and lawyers. They include:
- clarifying in law that confidentiality clauses cannot prevent people from speaking to the police and reporting a crime (or prevent the disclosure of information in any criminal proceedings);
- requiring a clear, written description of rights before anything is signed in confidentiality clauses in employment contracts or within a settlement agreement; and
- extending the law that means a worker agreeing to a settlement agreement receives independent advice – the advice must cover the limits of any confidentiality clauses in the settlement agreement so a person is in full possession of all the relevant facts, which will help to prevent employees from being duped into signing gagging clauses they were unaware of.
Prime Minister Theresa May said:
“Sexual harassment is against the law and discrimination of any kind will not be tolerated – in the home, the workplace or in public. Over the past couple of years, we have seen brave individuals breaking silence on such behaviour, but too many are still facing the unethical misuse of non-disclosure agreements by their employers.
“We’re sending a clear message that a change in the law is needed to ensure workers are able to come forward, be aware of their rights and receive the advice they need before signing up to them.”
Business Minister Kelly Tolhurst said:
“Many businesses use non-disclosure agreements and other confidentiality agreements for legitimate business reasons, such as to protect confidential information. What is completely unacceptable is the misuse of these agreements to silence victims, and there is increasing evidence that this is becoming more widespread. Our new proposals will help to tackle this problem by making it clear in law that victims cannot be prevented from speaking to the police or reporting a crime and clarifying their rights.
“They will also help boost understanding of workplace rights and legal responsibilities, all part plans to create a fairer workplace through our modern Industrial Strategy.”
Evidence of the misuse includes examples where victims of harassment or discrimination have been silenced using the legal agreements, for example, suggesting that a worker cannot blow the whistle despite the fact that no provision can remove a worker’s whistleblowing rights. In addition, through an NDA or settlement agreement, employers could insist that a worker is unable to discuss an issue with other people or organisations, such as the police, a doctor or a therapist. This can leave victims afraid to report an incident or speak out about their experiences, leaving others exposed to similar situations, and putting customers and other businesses at risk.
The proposals set out to extend the requirement to receive legal advice to cover limits on confidentiality clauses and that signatories must be provided with a clear overview of their rights that will help end this unethical practice.
Minister for Women and Equalities Penny Mordaunt, said:
“Sexual harassment at work is illegal, yet this disgusting behaviour is something that many women still experience today.
“I want to make clear to anyone who thinks they can bully and harass people at work, the UK government, good employers and the public will not accept this. We will act to make sure that workplace rights are protected for everyone.
“This is important for us all because unless every one of our citizens can reach their full potential at work, our nation never will.”